Previous Wage Orders | Implementing Rules
Current Daily Minimum Wage Rates


Republic of the Philippines
Department of Labor and Employment
National Wages and Productivity Commission
Cordillera Administrative Region
Baguio City




            WHEREAS, RA 6727, otherwise known as the Wage Rationalization Act, empowers the Regional Tripartite Wages and Productivity Boards to determine and fix minimum wage rates applicable in the regions and to issue the corresponding Wage Orders subject to the guidelines issued by the National Wages and Productivity Commission;

            WHEREAS, Section 3, Rule IV of NWPC Amended Rules of Procedures on Minimum Wage Fixing provides that “Any Wage Order issued by the Board may not be disturbed within 12 months from its effectivity, and no petition for wage increase shall be entertained within the said period. In the event, however, that supervening conditions, such as extraordinary increase in prices of petroleum products and basic goods/services, demand a review of the minimum wage rates as determined by the Board and confirmed by the Commission, the Board shall proceed to exercise its wage fixing function even before the expiration of the said period.”

            WHEREAS, RTWPB-CAR issued Wage Order No. RB-CAR-12 granting an additional COLA to all covered private sector workers in the region effective 07 January 2008;

            WHEREAS, the Board, after monitoring and evaluating the prices of petroleum products and basic commodities, found and determined the existence of supervening condition, such as the extraordinary increase in prices of petroleum products and basic commodities and the continuing effect of the said price increase towards higher inflation that erodes the purchasing power of  the peso;

            WHEREAS, such determination of the supervening condition, stated in the Board Resolution No. 04, series of 2008, was confirmed by the National Wages and Productivity Commission;

            WHEREAS, after due notice to all concerned sectors, the Board conducted Public Hearings on May 20, 2008 in Tabuk City (for Kalinga and Apayao Provinces); on May 21, 2008 in Lagawe, Ifugao (for Mountain Province and Ifugao Province); and on May 23, 2008 in Baguio City (for Baguio City and Provinces of Benguet and Abra);

            WHEREAS, after due public hearings and deliberations, the Board finds the need to grant relief to private sector workers in Region-CAR to help them cope with the rising cost of living without impairing the productivity and viability of business and industry therein;

            WHEREAS, consistent with the government’s policy of achieving higher level of productivity to preserve and generate jobs and to augment the income of workers, there is a need to build the capacity of business enterprises to be competitive through productivity improvement and gain sharing programs.

            NOW THEREFORE, by virtue of the power and authority vested under Republic Act No. 6727, the RTWPB-CAR hereby issues this Wage Order.

            Section 1.     Coverage.  All private sector workers and employees receiving the minimum wage in the Cordillera Administrative Region regardless of their position, designation or status and irrespective of the method their wages are paid are covered by
this Wage Order, except for household or domestic helpers; persons employed in the personal service of another including
family drivers; and workers in the registered Barangay Micro Business Enterprises with Certificates of Authority pursuant to Republic Act No. 9178, otherwise known as “Barangay Micro Business Enterprises Act of 2002”.

            Section 2.     Amount of Cost of Living Allowance. Upon the effectivity of this Wage Order, all covered workers in the different industrial classifications and geographical locations shall receive an increase in the daily Cost of Living Allowance in the amount as follows:


  Baguio City, Municipalities of La Trinidad, Itogon, Sablan and Tuba, Benguet:
  Non-Agriculture Fifteen Pesos(P15.00)
  Agriculture Fifteen Pesos(P15.00)
  Retail & Service employing ten (10) workers and below Fifteen Pesos(P15.00)
  Other areas in the Cordillera Administrative Region:
  Non-Agriculture Ten Pesos (P10.00)
  Agriculture Ten Pesos (P10.00)
  Retail & Service employing ten (10) workers and below Ten Pesos (P10.00)


D A I L Y  M I N I M U M  W A G E  R A T E S
Baguio City, La Trinidad, Tuba, Itogon and Sablan
Other Areas in the Region
COLA under W.O. No. RB-CAR-12
COLA under W.O. No. RB-CAR-13
New Daily Minimum Wage
COLA under W.O. No. RB-CAR-12
COLA under W.O. No. RB-CAR-13
New Daily Minimum Wage
P 235.00
P 10.00
P 15.00
P 260.00
P 229.00
P 4.00
P 10.00
P 243.00
  Employing   more than 10   workers
  Employing 10   workers or   less

            Section 3.     Basis of Minimum Wage. The minimum wage rates prescribed under this Order shall be for the normal working hours, which shall not exceed eight hours work a day.

            Section 4.     Application to Private Educational Institutions.  In the case of private educational institutions the share of covered workers and employees in the tuition fees for School Year 2008-2009 shall be applied as compliance to this Wage Order. However, payment of any shortfall in compliance with this Wage Order shall be covered starting School Year 2009-2010.

            Private Educational institutions which have not increased their tuition fees for the School Year 2008-2009, may defer compliance with the provisions of this Wage Order until School Year 2009-2010.

            In any case, all private educational institutions shall implement this Wage Order starting School Year 2009-2010.

            Section 5.     Application to Contractors.  In the case of contracts for construction projects and for security, janitorial and other similar services, the prescribed increase in the Cost of Living Allowance shall be borne by the principals or clients of the construction/service contractors and the contract shall be deemed amended accordingly.  In the event, however, that the principals or clients fail to pay the prescribed increase in the Cost of Living Allowance, the construction/service contractors shall be jointly and severally liable with their principals or clients.

            Section 6.     Workers Paid by Results.  All workers paid by results, including those who are paid on piecework, takay, pakyaw, or task basis, shall receive not less than the Cost of Living Allowance for the normal working hours which shall not exceed eight (8) hours per day or a proportion thereof for working less than eight (8) hours.

            Section 7.     Apprentices and learners.  Persons employed under Apprenticeship or learnership agreement shall be entitled to not less than Seventy Five Percent (75%) of the new minimum wage rate under this Order.

            All learnership and apprenticeship agreements entered into before the effectivity of this Order shall be automatically modified insofar as their wage clauses are concerned to reflect the new prescribed wage rates.

            Section 8.     Mobile and Branch Workers.  The minimum wage rates of workers, who by the nature of their work have to travel, shall be those applicable in the domicile or head office of the employer.

The minimum wage rates of workers working in branches or agencies of establishments in or outside the Region shall be those applicable in the place where they are stationed.

            Section  9.    Transfer of Personnel.  The transfer of personnel from one province or region to another shall not be a valid reason for the reduction of the wage rate being enjoyed by the worker prior to the transfer.

            Section 10. Exemptions.  Upon proper application with and as determined by the Board, the following categories of establishments maybe exempted from the applicability of this Order in accordance with NWPC Guidelines No. 02, series of 2007, providing Amended Rules on exemption from compliance with the prescribed Wage Increases/Cost of Living Allowances granted by the Regional Tripartite Wages and Productivity Boards :

  1. Distressed establishment;
  2. New Business Enterprises duly registered and established outside Export Processing Zone within two (2) years from effectivity of this Order classified under any of the following
    1. Agricultural establishments whether plantation or non-plantation; and
    2. Establishments with total assets after financing of five million (P5,000,000.00) pesos and below.
  3. Retail/Service Establishments regularly employing not more than ten (10) workers;
  4. Establishments adversely affected by natural calamities. 

            Section 11. Extent and Duration of ExemptionA full exemption of one (1) year shall be granted to all categories of establishments that meet the applicable criteria for exemption under section 3 of NWPC Guidelines No. 02, series of 2007.
            However, a partial exemption of 50% with respect to the amount or period of exemption shall be granted only in the case of distressed establishments in accordance with the NWPC Guidelines on Exemption.

            Section 12. Effect of Application for Exemption.  An application for exemption duly filed shall have the effect of deferring any action on any complaint for non-compliance with this Order until resolution of the application by the Regional Board.
In case the application for exemption is not approved, covered employees/workers of the applicant-establishment shall be paid the mandated increase in the Cost of Living Allowance under this Order plus one (1) percent simple interest per month retroactive to the effectivity of this Order.

            Section 13. Productivity-Based Wages. To attain higher levels of productivity for competitiveness, to preserve and generate gainful employment and to augment the wages of workers, business enterprises are encouraged to adopt productivity improvement and gain-sharing programs.

            Section 14. Appeal to the Commission.  Any party aggrieved by this Wage Order may file a verified appeal with the Commission through the Board within ten (10) calendar days from the publication of this Order.

            Section 15. Effect of Filing of Appeal.  The filing of the appeal does not operate to stay the Order unless the party appealing such Order shall file with the Commission an undertaking with a surety or sureties satisfactory to the Commission for payment of the corresponding increase in the Cost of Living Allowance to employees affected by the Order in the event such Order is affirmed.

            Section 16. Non-Diminution of Benefits.  Nothing in this Order shall be construed to reduce any existing wage rates, allowances and benefits of any form under existing laws, decrees, executive orders and/or under any contract or agreement between the workers and employers.

            Section 17. Effects on Existing Wage Structure.  Where the grant of the increase in the Cost of Living Allowance result in the distortion of the wage structure within an establishment, the same shall be corrected in accordance with the procedure provided for under Art. 124 of the Labor Code as amended.  The following formula may be used to correct the same.

Previous Minimum Wage
(Wage Order RB-CAR-12)
Amount of wage adjustments due to distortion
--------------------------------------- x Prescribed COLA =
Actual Salary

            Section 18. Complaints for Non-Compliance.  Complaints for non-compliance with this wage order may be filed with the Regional Office of the Department of Labor and Employment (DOLE-CAR) and shall be the subject of enforcement proceedings under Article 128 of the Labor Code, as amended, without prejudice to criminal prosecution which maybe undertaken against those who fail to comply.

            Section 19. Penal Provisions.  Any person, corporation, trust or firm, partnership, association or entity who refuses or fails to pay the prescribed increase in the Cost of Living Allowance in accordance with this Order shall be subject to the penal provisions under R.A. 6727, as amended by RA 8188.

            Section 20. Prohibition Against Injunction.  No preliminary or permanent injunction or temporary restraining order maybe issued by any court, tribunal or other entity against any proceedings before the Board.

            Section 21. Freedom to Bargain.  This Order shall not be construed to prevent workers in particular firms or enterprises or industries from bargaining for higher wages with their respective employers.

            Section 22. Reporting Requirement.  Any person, company, corporation, partnership or any entity engaged in business shall submit a verified itemized listing of their labor component to the Board not later than January 31, 2009 and every year thereafter in accordance with the form prescribed by the Commission.

            Section 23. Repealing Clause.  All orders, issuances, rules and regulations, or parts thereof inconsistent with the provision of this Wage Order are hereby repealed, amended or modified accordingly.

            Section 24. Rules Implementing this Order.  The Board shall prepare the necessary rules to implement this Order subject to approval of the Secretary of Labor and Employment.

            Section 25.   Separability Clause.  If, for any reason, a section or provision of this Order is declared unconstitutional or illegal, the other provisions or parts shall remain valid.

            Section 26.   Effectivity.  This Order shall take effect fifteen (15) days after its publication in at least one (1) local newspaper of general circulation in the Region.

            APPROVED:   This 27th day of May 2008, Baguio City,  Philippines.


Workers’ Representative
Employers’ Representative
(Sgd.) RENERIO C. LARDIZABAL JR Workers’ Representative   (Sgd.) JUAN JOHNNY R. DE LA CRUZ
Employers’ Representative





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